Kunal Gupta

Manipal Institute Of Technology

Talk on React JS, and why its awesome

ReactJS basically is an open-source JavaScript library which is used for building user interfaces mostly for single page applications.

Why is ReactJS gaining so much popularity? **

  • Super easy to maintain (Javascript).
  • Comparatively lesser lines of codes.
  • React is extremely efficient.
  • The brains behind Facebook are maintaining this project.
  • Open source and a lot of contribution going on.

Which language does it use?

JSX (JavaScript XML) - It is the language which adds XML syntax to Javascript code.

  • Easier - JSX offers a solid class system much like Java
  • Faster - JSX performs optimization while compiling the source code to JavaScript.
  • Safer - In contrast to JavaScript, JSX is statically-typed and mostly type-safe.

How does it work?

  • Integrating it with the html file and bundling of the js file
  • Component structure
  • How the state is managed
  • Explain the rendering part

Example of JSX using ECMAScript 2015 JavaScript syntax.

import React from 'react';

class App extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.state = {
      name: "Some name"
    };
  }
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <Header name={this.state.name} />
         </div>
      );
   }
}

class Header extends React.Component {
   render() {
      return (
         <div>
            <h1>{this.props.name}</h1>
         </div>
      );
   }
}
export default App;

A basic example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <title>Hello World</title>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.4.2/react.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/react/15.4.2/react-dom.js"></script>
    <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/babel-standalone/6.21.1/babel.min.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="myDiv">
      <!-- Component will render here -->
    </div>
    <script type="text/babel">
      class Greeting extends React.Component {
        render() {
          return (
            <h1>Hello world this is React JS</h1>
          );
        }
      }
      ReactDOM.render(<Greeting />, document.getElementById('myDiv'));
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Pros/Cons

  • Its fully open source.
  • Easy to use , It allows developers to create fast user interfaces.
  • React-JS is used by React Native internally.
  • It also uses the concept called Virtual DOM File:DOM-model.svg

  • React.js uses a special syntax called JSX.
  • Search engine friendly.
  • React uses the least abstractions
  • It is extremely easy to write UI test cases because the virtual DOM system implemented entirely in JS.
  • An open-source library: constantly developing and open to contributions.

Cons

  • Just a view library at its core
  • The library itself is pretty large.
  • There is a high dependency on third party libraries.
  • Facebook recently changed the open source license recently, which caused a lot of problems, but they reverted it. [But now its MIT]

How react native is different from react

React native is used for cross platform development for mobile applications like iOS, Android & even windows (with help of third party applications)

  • React Native uses native APIs as a bridge to render components on mobile.
  • React Native doesn’t use HTML.

Who’s using React/React native?

From left to right { Facebook,  Facebook ads manager, Instagram, F8 (Conference app by Facebook), Airbnb, Skype, Tesla, Walmart }

{And conclude that React JS is safe to use and an awesome tool to replace web & native apps}